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CDM – Executive Board Page



Version 04.1


Title of the project activity

Mut Wind Power Plant, Turkey

Version number of the PDD


Completion date of the PDD


Project participant(s)

Güney Rüzgarları Elektrik Üretim ve Ticaret A.Ş.

Host Party(ies)


Sectoral scope and selected methodology(ies)

01 - ACM0002, v. 15.0.0

Estimated amount of annual average GHG emission reductions

83,168 tCO2e

SECTION A.Description of project activity
A.1.Purpose and general description of project activity
Güney Rüzgarları Elektrik Üretim ve Ticaret A.Ş. (hereafter referred to as “Mut”), plans to invest in to a new power project called Mut Wind Power Plant, Turkey (hereafter referred to as the “Project” or “Mut WPP”), and Installed Capacity of Mut WPP is 52.8 MWm / 50 MWe with 16 turbines1. Brand and name of the turbines are Vestas V112 3.3 MW 842. The license of the project is issued by Energy Market Regulatory Authority (EMRA) in 27 March 2013. As required by the Turkish Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA) Regulation, Project Design Report (PDR) was prepared and “EIA is not required” decision was taken for 50 MW (16*3mw+1*2mw). Installed capacity. During the on-going feasibility study, since the number of the turbines has been decreased from 17 to 16 and the turbine coordinates have been changed within the same project area, Provincial Directorate of Environment and Urbanism was notified about these revisions and an approval was obtained without preparation of a new PDR on 25/10/2013. Therefore with all these changes whole permissions are granted for these final figures. Mut WPP is in line with the Greenfield description of the methodology3.
The estimated net electricity generation of the plant is 145.854 GWh per year. By the efficient utilization of the available wind energy project activity will replace the grid electricity, which is constituted of different fuel sources, mainly fossil fuels. The electricity produced by project activity will result in a total emission reduction of 83,168 tonnes of CO2e per year. Moreover, project activity will contribute further dissemination of wind energy and extension of national power generation. Construction work has been started in June 2014, and is planned to operation started in July 2015; the project will be commissioned to produce electricity.
The project will help Turkey to stimulate and commercialize the use of grid connected renewable energy technologies and markets. Furthermore, the project will demonstrate the viability of grid connected wind farms which can support improved energy security, improved air quality, alternative sustainable energy futures, improved local livelihoods and sustainable renewable energy industry development. The specific goals of the project are to:

  • reduce greenhouse gas emissions in Turkey compared to the business-as-usual scenario;

  • help to stimulate the growth of the wind power industry in Turkey;

  • create local employment during the construction and the operation phase of the wind farm;

  • reduce other pollutants resulting from power generation industry in Turkey, compared to a business-as-usual scenario;

  • help to reduce Turkey’s increasing energy deficit;

  • And differentiate the electricity generation mix and reduce import dependency.

As the project developer, Mut believes that efficient utilization of all kinds of natural resources with a harmony coupled with responsible environmental considerations is vital for sustainable development of Turkey and the World. This has been a guiding factor for the shareholders towards the concept of designation and installation of a wind power project. Other than the objective of climate change mitigation through significant reduction in greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions, the project has been carried out to provide social and economic contribution to the region in a sustainable way. The benefits that will be gained by the realization of the project compared to the business-as-usual scenario can be summarized under four main indicators:

The project activities will replace the grid electricity, which is constituted of different fuel sources causing greenhouse gas emissions. By replacing in the consumption of these fuels, it contributes to conservation of water, soil, flora and faunas and transfers these natural resources and also the additional supply of these primary energy sources to the future generations. In the absence of the project activity, an equivalent amount of electricity would have been generated from the power plants connected to the grid, majority of which are based on fossil fuels. Thus, the project is replacing the greenhouse gas emissions (CO2, CH4) and other pollutants (SOX, NOX, particulate matters) occurring from extraction, processing, transportation and burning of fossil-fuels for power generation connected to the national grid.

Firstly, the project will help to accelerate the growth of the wind power industry and stimulate the designation and production of renewable energy technologies in Turkey. Then, other entrepreneurs irrespective of sector will be encouraged to invest in wind power generations. It will also assist to reduce Turkey’s increasing energy deficit and diversify the electricity generation mix while reducing import dependency, especially natural gas. Importantly, rural development will be maintained in the areas around the project site by providing infrastructural investments to these remote villages.

The employment of local people that have necessary technical qualifications for the required post will be the priority and enhanced by all project activities during construction and operation of wind farm. As a result, local poverty and unemployment will be partially eliminated by increased job opportunities and project business activities. Construction materials for the foundations, cables and other auxiliary equipment will preferentially be sourced locally. Moreover as contribution of the project to welfare of the region, the quality of the electricity consumed in the region will be increased by local electricity production, which also contributes decreasing of distribution losses.

Implementation of the proposed project will contribute to wider deployment of wind power technology in local and national level. It will demonstrate the viability of larger grid connected wind farms, which will support improved energy security, alternative sustainable energy, and also renewable energy industry development. This will also strengthen pillars of Turkish electricity supply based on ecologically sound technology.

A.2.Location of project activity
A.2.1.Host Party(ies)
The host country is Republic of Turkey.

A.2.2.Region/State/Province etc.
Project area is in Akdeniz region, Mersin province.
A.2.3.City/Town/Community etc.
The project is located in Karaman Districts; Gökçetaş, Mendereslik and Cerid Villages.
A.2.4.Physical/Geographical location

Location of the project is given below in the .
The project site is located center of Mut District and will be situated on several hills, between Gökçetaş, Mendereslik and Cerid Villages. The closest settlement is Sansa Plateau by 2385 m.5

Map : Location of Mut Wind Power Plant Project

Table : Geographical coordinates of the wind turbines of the project activity5

Wind Turbine No.

Latitude (N)

Longitude (E)


36⁰ 56’ 23’’

33⁰ 12’ 16’’


36⁰ 56’ 23’’

33⁰ 12’ 30’’


36⁰ 56’ 07’’

33⁰ 12’ 43’’


36⁰ 55’ 59’’

33⁰ 12’ 56’’


36⁰ 55’ 49’’

33⁰ 13’ 07’’


36⁰ 55’ 49’’

33⁰ 13’ 22’’


36⁰ 56’ 03’’

33⁰ 12’ 10’’


36⁰ 55’ 50’’

33⁰ 12’ 26’’


36⁰ 55’ 37’’

33⁰ 12’ 42’’


36⁰ 55’ 30’’

33⁰ 12’ 55’’


36⁰ 55’ 27’’

33⁰ 13’ 08’’


36⁰ 55’ 31’’

33⁰ 13’ 19’’


36⁰ 55’ 33’’

33⁰ 13’ 34’’


36⁰ 55’ 20’’

33⁰ 13’ 46’’


36⁰ 55’ 15’’

33⁰ 13’ 15’’


36⁰ 55’ 21’’

33⁰ 14’ 21’’

A.3.Technologies and/or measures

The technology chosen is wind turbines utilizing wind power in to energy. The key parameters about the technical design of the selected model Vestas V112 3.3 84 7 turbines are listed below in Error: Reference source not found.
Table : Technical specifications of Vestas V112. 3.3 846


Vestas V112 3.3 8.4

Rated Power (kW)


Rotor Diameter (m)


Blade Length (m)


Num. of Blades


Swept Area (m²)


Cut-out wind speed (m/s)


Operational life time of the Mut WPP is determined by using the ‘Tool to determine the remaining lifetime of equipment ’’ (v. 1)7. In the tool it is stated that;
Project participants may use one of the following options to determine the remaining lifetime of the equipment:
(a) Use manufacturer’s information on the technical lifetime of equipment and compare to the date of first commissioning;

(b) Obtain an expert evaluation;

(c) Use default values.
For the project option (c) is used. So in the tool it is said that default lifetime for the on-shore wind turbines is 25 years
With figures taken from the Generation License, Plant Load Factor (PLF) is calculated as follows;
PLF= Annual Gen. / Installed Cap. * (working hours)


= 0.32
The project activity will achieve emission reductions by avoiding CO2 emissions from the business-as-usual scenario electricity generation produced by mainly fossil fuel-fired power plants within the Turkish national grid (Figure ) Total emission reduction over the 7 year crediting period is expected to reach 582,176 tCO2e with the assumed total net electricity generation of 145.85 GWh/annually.

Figure : Share of Sources in Installed Capacity 20128
Figure : Share of Sources in Electricity Generation 20129
Although Turkey has a very good wind resource, substantial space, a reasonably good electrical infrastructure and an approaching shortage of electricity; it uses negligible capacity (less than 5%) of its onshore potential, which is estimated as 53,000 MW by Ministry of Energy and Natural Resources (MENR).10 Lack of attractive incentives and tax advantages, limited grid access and restricted turbine supply constitutes the major barriers in front of the wind energy.
Renewable energy law, enacted in 2005, which had amendments in end of 2010 regarding feed-in tariffs, stipulates a purchase obligation by the retail companies for 10 years with a purchase price 7.3 USDc/kWh (~5.5 €c/kWh) for the power plants put in operation by end of 201511. This tariff is much below the average remuneration in the leading wind markets and does not constitute a sufficient incentive for investments in little experienced wind energy sector of Turkey. The revenues calculated according to these regulations are considered in the investment planning of the projects and does not lead to returns that let the project be profitable or attractive for capital investors and lenders.
These numbers and figures show the contribution of a wind power project like Mut WPP to the development of environmental friendly electricity generation instead of above described Turkish mix of hydroelectric and fossil fuelled power plants, which are better known and financially more attractive from an investor’s point of view. The emission reductions would not occur in the absence of the proposed project activity because of various real and perceived risks that impede the provision of financing.
Mut WPP, as a large wind power plant project, will serve as a perfect project to demonstrate long-term potential of wind energy as a means to efficiently reducing GHG emissions as well as to diversifying and increasing security of the local energy supply and contributing to a sustainable development. Wind driven turbines will rotate in generators and electricity generated here will be transferred to the grid for consumer without any greenhouse gas emissions. The Gold Standard certification shall help to realize this seminal technology by providing an adequate compensation for the lacking financial incentives in the Turkish renewable energy market.
Generation of emission reduction and by the way crediting period will start with the first day of documented electricity supply to the national grid. The first 7-year crediting period is expected to be from July 2015 to June 2022. With 145.84 GWh/annual production of the plant and applying the approved methodology to the project (detailed in the Section B), annual average amount of emission reduction is estimated to be as listed in Table .

Table : Estimated annual emission reductions of the project over the crediting period.


Annual estimation of emission reductions in tonnes of CO2 e

















Total estimated reductions

(tonnes of CO2e)


Total number of crediting years


Annual average over the crediting period of estimated reductions

(tonnes of CO2e)

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