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Clothes keep us warm by keeping heat from escaping from the body. Wool keeps us especially warm because its fibers hold a layer of still air that is an excellent _______________.

A) source of heat
B) cooling system for the body
C) conductor of heat
D) shield against heat loss


Zoos spend a lot of money duplicating natural conditions for the keeping of captive animals. Much success has been achieved in this area, as exemplified by the case of three magpies. A storm blew open the door to the magpie cage and three of the blue Himalayan birds escaped. Reports from all over the big city told of the birds roosting on buildings, statues, and so forth. The day after the escape the magpies returned to their cage at the zoo, indicating that they _______________.

A) feared harm
B) relished harm
C) felt at home
D) disliked captivity


The stimulus given to us by challenging tasks is necessary for the survival of our civilization. When we are no longer forced by necessity to work, unless we stir ourselves to activity we will perish. Deterioration began in the civilizations of Greece and Rome when the people became _______________.

A) barbaric
B) participators
C) spectators
D) professionals


One generation often finds itself trying to protect its laws against the next generation, which would change the laws. Youth often thinks the previous generation resists change, and the older generation sometimes criticizes youth as being too _______________.

A) conforming
B) indifferent
C) energetic
D) rebellious


Elephant hunting may not be so dangerous as some men have thought. A herd of elephants will usually flee from a hunter but, if the hunter comes upon a herd of elephants at close range, they may charge. Since the elephant has very poor eyes, the hunter's best protection is to get out range of the elephant's _______________.

A) tusks
B) hearing
C) smell
D) vision


One of the pleasantest things in the world is going on a journey, but I like to go by myself. I can enjoy society in a room; but outdoors, nature is _______________.

A) best when seen by a friend
B) company enough for me
C) best enjoyed by a group
D) not as pleasant as a book


Aristotle, a philosopher of ancient Greece, was the first person we know of to write down descriptions of animals. His observations and classifications are extremely accurate to have been written over two thousand years ago. Aristotle is often credited with being the first _______________.

A) zoologist
B) anthropologist
C) philosopher
D) botanist


An ocean-bottom seismograph has been designed to record natural earth tremors and remote nuclear explosions at a great distance under the surface of the ocean. The device operates unattended. It senses, gathers, and stores information on magnetic tape for later recovery and _______________.

A) construction
B) defence
C) interpretation
D) recording


Researchers are studying a popular Japanese rose that can be cultivated into a matted hedge. When a car runs off the road into a large tree, the shock of the impact is absorbed by the tree abruptly, endangering the car's occupants. In contrast, a hedge of these roses absorbs the shock of a collision gently. It is thought that this Japanese rose, planted in hedges along highways, could reduce _______________.

A) destruction of trees
B) driving speeds
C) traffic deaths
D) careless driving


Although broken-down rock provides the basic material from which soil is formed, it is not soil. True soil in which plants will grow contains organic matter, that is , decayed animal and vegetable matter. Without this organic matter, broken rock, no matter how finely-broken it may be, is still only _______________.

A) organic rock
B) top soil
C) mountain soil
D) rock


Rome and Carthage were great rivals for many years. For more than a century these two powers _______________.

A) traded with smaller powers
B) struggled for supremacy
C) protected each other
D) lived peacefully together


For many years the Chinese carefully guarded the secret of their method of raising silkworms and making silk. Anyone caught carrying silk worms or their eggs out of China was _______________.

A) considered a foreigner
B) rewarded by the government
C) punished by death
D) automatically made a prince


The "cow war" occurred in 1934 between Minnesota and the Dakotas. A severe drought had dried up all grazing land in the area except for a small part of north-western Minnesota. Farmers from North and South Dakota drove their cattle to this small area to graze. The governor of Minnesota, fearing that Minnesota cattle would not have enough grazing land, instructed National Guardsmen to prevent any Dakota cattle from crossing the line into Minnesota. The states involved, however, remained on friendly terms throughout the incident. Actually the "cow war" _______________.

A) involved no cows
B) was not a war
C) created ill feelings
D) attracted more cows


The people of the Netherlands, popularly called Hollanders or Dutch, have increased the land area of their country for cultivation by building dikes around a lake, marsh, or sea area to keep it from flooding. The water within the diked area is drained off into canals. The newly drained, dike-protected land is called a polder. Most of the land in the western part of the Netherlands is reclaimed land. This land is flat and _______________.

A) is of little use
B) is flooded during ocean storms
C) is good fishing ground
D) lies below sea level


Alıştırma 19

Metinlerin sonunda yer alan sorularda en uygun seçeneği belirleyin.


Well, Mrs Evans, I've done my very best to look after David. I've tidied his room up every day, got him a meal together whenever he needed one and made sure he's always had a clean shirt to put on. It's not been easy, what with two of my own to worry bout, as well. David's had the best of attention, I must say. But now because I asked him to give up bringing that American friend of his home he has got quite miserable and unfriendly. He comes in at all hours and his behaviour - well it's quite hard to put up with - and it's all because of this friend. I'm sure he's a bad influence. You see, David's a visitor and doesn't fully understand our ways. He used to study most evenings. He'd get through quite a bit of work. He did up his room quite nicely, with bookshelves and large posters. He'd ask Mr Smith and me for a drink and cheer us up with songs from his country. He's very good on the guitar, you know. I don't want to appear as if I'm running after him but it's about time we made it up, I'm sure he's upset because I told him off. It might be a good idea to take him out for a meal, perhaps even with his friend. I don't know whether it will do any good but we can try. I'm glad I've had a chance to let you know of how things are and I'll let you know how I get on.

1. David is _____________________ .

A) an American friend
B) a visiting students
C) Mrs Smith's son
D) a servant
E) a singer

2. Mrs Smith believes that the main cause of the quarrel is ____________ .

A) herself
B) David's friend
C) too much study
D) David's behaviour
E) Mr Smith

3. David's present attitude to Mrs Smith is ______________ .

A) very attentive
B) cheerful
C) incomprehensible
D) respecting
E) unfriendly


Well, sir, opening a bank account is not very difficult. The trouble is finding the cash to put in it. We at Barclays know there's a student's problem - shortage of cash. The monthly cheque from home never seems big enough. We can't make it any bigger but we can make it go a little further. Any student who opens a cheque account with Barclays gets our most important services free. We don't charge you for running your account provided you keep out of the red. You'll find you'll be able to budget for better when you have a current account. And you'll be able to make payments by cheque or standing order. For example you can ask us to pay you rent direct to your landlady. All you need to do is to make out a standing order, and that we means we make sure your rent is pain on time, without you having to worry about it. You'll receive regular statements to let you know just how you stand. If you have any money problems such as sending money home or having money sent to you from home our manager will be pleased to help you in any way he can. His experience in money matters is sure to be of value to you.

1. A standing order is _____________ .

A) another name for a current account
B) a way of receiving money regularly
C) an instruction to the bank to make regular payments
D) a way of notifying the customer how he stands
E) the same of a cheque

2. An advantage of having a bank account is ______________ .

A) the bank manager is always pleased to help
B) you are never without money
C) you have proof of what you have received and paid
D) your cash is provided for you
E) you can pay your rent

3. The students problem the bank knows about is _______________ .

A) the need for a regular statement
B) the need for advice on money matters
C) a bank account is hard to open
D) a student's income is not high enough
E) a student has to pay a rent


A normal English family, especially when it has just moved into a new district, wants to be friendly with those living in the same area, yet it often hesitates because there is a fear that some neighbours might want to be too friendly and make such a habit of calling that the members of the family could not call their home their own. It is not surprising, therefore, that quite nice people wait for a proper invitation, paying no attention to the casual invitation "Come any time." After moving into a new district a married couple will probably join a local organization, political party, parent-teacher association, musical, artistic, or literary group, a hobby group, or an evening institute for learning subjects of interest to adults. In this way natural contacts are made and people with same interest in common get to know one another. Very often this leads back to the very street where the newcomers have their home.

1. A normal English family does not want ____________________ .

A) to be friendly with its neighbours
B) its neighbours to be friendly
C) to spend too much time at its neighbours' homes
D) its neighbours to spend too much time at its own home
E) to move into new districts to often

2. If neighbours call "Call any time", most English people _____________ .

A) do not take it as a serious invitation
B) accept the invitation
C) call the neighbours at their homes
D) think it means " Do not come"
E) invite them back to show attentiveness

3. A married couple in a new district will meet people by _____________ .

A) visiting them in their homes
B) inviting them to their home
C) making casual invitations
D) taking up a new hobby or a interest
E) meeting them in organized groups


Rolling Stones' story is typical of that of many contemporary groups. Mick Jagger (the singer) and Keith Richard (lead-guitar) met in 1961, whilst they were both studying in the Dartford area. They discovered they had common interests in music, and began listening to records together, an activity that soon developed into live music-making. Brian Jones (harmonica and guitar) met Keith and Mick in a Soho pub called the Bricklayer's Arms. Mick had come to the London School of Economics, Keith was an advertising designer, and Brian a destitute wanderer who had not long returned from tramping round the Continent. Their now notorious hair was already long and, becoming aware of certain shared preoccupations and ambitions, they began meeting regularly and working out their own versions of Muddy Waters, Chuck Berry and Bo Diddley - then famous singers. The Rolling Stones made their first record only a few months after their being discovered playing to overflow teenage audiences at an obscure rhythm and blues club in Richmond.

1. The Rolling Stones were discovered playing to _________.

A) a few young people at a famous club
B) many young people at a little-known club
C) many older people at a little-known club
D) a few young people at a dark club
E) many young people at a famous club

2. Brian Jones ________________________ .

A) had more money than Richard and Jagger
B) had no interest in studying
C) had a pub in Soho
D) had just returned from Britain
E) had almost no money

3. Jagger, Richard and Jones realized _________________ .

A) they should grow hair to be famous
B) they had many problems
C) they had things in common
D) they had to find work
E) they could play famous pieces


By 12.30 the room was fully laid up and all the waiters at their respective stations. A dark balding, heavy lidded man with broad shoulders and a slight stoop glanced at the table chart and took up his position at the head of the room - it was Manetta, all conversation ceased - the lull before the service. A thin trickle of clients started to arrive, to be greeted and whisked away to tables by escorting head-waiters, and the Grill slowly came to life. The room filled and the service rose to a crescendo. Everywhere there was great activity. In the kitchens below the service roared! The buffet was besieged by gesticulating waiters and overwhelmed with orders, a baffling bewilderment of many tongues: Italian, French, English and German. I was assigned to a sweet trolley by Jean the red-faced buffet chef and told to guard it with my life, check the orders and keep out of the way! I stood guarding my trolley until a waiter beckoned me to follow him and I was off. The last cog in a great service machine!

1. At 12.30 ______________________________ .

A) there was confusion
B) Manetta left the room
C) Manetta entered the room
D) the waiters were ready
E) there was disorder

2. Jean told the writer _________________ .

A) to go away
B) not to take any orders
C) to look after the trolley
D) to follow a waiter
E) to find the trolley

3. A waiter ________________________ .

A) told the writer to go away
B) gestured the writer to follow him
C) ordered the writer to leave with the trolley
D) gestured the writer to serve the clients
E) told the writer to watch the trolley


My name is Police Constable Robinson, sir, driver of police car GKY 5431L. At 22.30 hours on the night of November the sixth I was introduced by radio to proceed to Smith Street, a turning off the A40 Road, where the residents had complained of a disturbance caused by a car parked at the roadside. When I arrived I found the car, number HIM 9191K, parked with its rear lights on, its headlight at full beam, the offside warning lights operating, all its four doors open and boot-lid raised. After I parked the police car at a safe distance, I approached the car HIM 9191 and found the accused apparently asleep with his head and arms resting on the steering wheel and the horn and windscreen wipers operating. I succeeded in waking the accused, sat him upright in the driving seat, cautioned him and proceeded to switch off the ignition, dip on headlights, cancel the ignitions, and to engage the handbrake. I noticed an empty bottle on the passenger seat. The bottle was marked Fine Old Malt Whisky; and a crate on the rear seat had a similar label. When I returned to the accused I noticed he had gone off to sleep again. I therefore roused him, checked his driving-licence, insurance certificate and the road fund licence of the car in question. I then began to interrogate him. The accused's replies were slurred but were to the affect that he was surprised that a policeman had managed to smuggle himself aboard the Concorde, and he asked how I had been enjoying the flight so far. I assumed the accused had been drinking, helped him to alight from the vehicle and to stand against a nearby lamppost. I then explained I wanted him to breathe into the breathalyser bag and asked him if he would agree to do so. He replied to the effect that he would do so if I would do so, too. It was shortly afterwards when my sergeant found us sitting on the kerb blowing up the breathalyser bags.

1. The constable sat the driver upright to ____________________ .

A) stop the horn operating
B) keep the driver awake
C) inspect the bottle in the passenger seat
D) check his breath
E) check his driving licence

2. The driver _______________________ .

A) was actually a pilot
B) imagined he was on a plane
C) was on his way to the airport
D) had been flying with a policeman
E) thought the policeman was a uniformed pilot.

3. The constable got the man out of the car because ______________ .

A) he wanted to interrogate him
B) he wanted to see who the driver was
C) the driver might drive off
D) he wanted to find out if the driver was really drunk
E) he wanted to wait for his sergeant to arrive
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