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Interviewer: ____

Miss Gibbs: No, I’m not. But in the case of a first job it usually is.

  1. Are you then saying that 3 years is long enough in any one position?

  2. Are you unhappy in your present job?

  3. Are you experienced in a particular field of the pharmaceutical industry?

  4. Surely there must be some other reasons for your desire for a change.

  5. Do you feel you have enough experience to be successful in a post like this?


79. One mustn’t forget that the West has contributed much to the development of the Third World.

Mark: ____

Peter: I suppose you are referring to the fact that the West is benefiting from an ever-expanding market for its goods.

Mark: Yes, I certainly am.

  1. Nor should one forget that the Third World has also put a great deal of effort into its own development.

  2. I still maintain that the reasons for this are philanthropic as well as political.

  3. Yet, remember that in most Third World countries living conditions have got worse over recent decades.

  4. True; but in my opinion the reasons have been largely mercenary.

  5. The rate of development in some of these countries has been disappointing.


80. Amy: I got the results of the laboratory tests today.

Brenda: I am sure they were good.

Amy: ____

Brenda: You don’t have to. I can see it in your face!

  1. They certainly were. I shall be able to get my thesis finished within a month.

  2. Yes they were; I can’t tell you how relieved I feel.

  3. Well, most of them were. One has to be done again.

  4. More or less what I expected. Just one turned out to be a surprise. I’ll have to do a bit more research on that.

  5. They were indeed. We’ll eat out tonight and celebrate.



81. Jennifer: Can you give me some advice on choosing a programme for my Master’s degree?

Sylvia: ____

Jennifer: What do you mean by that? Money?

Sylvia: Well, that too. But more important will be time, energy and effort.

  1. What’s your aim in choosing our university?

  2. Yes; but I need to know how much you are prepared to give.

  3. Most programmes are more or less the same.

  4. Forget it! You’re sufficiently well-qualified as you are.

  5. First let me find out whether or not you are serious of purpose.



82. Rupert: Have you been following developments in Poland recently?

David: ____

Rupert: I want to send someone to the conference there on new political developments. Would you be interested?

David: I most certainly would.

  1. Are you referring to the recent parliamentary elections?

  2. No. I’ve lost interest in what’s going on there.

  3. No. Why? Has something of note happened there recently?

  4. No. Keeping up with developments in the Balkans is as much as I can manage these days.

  5. As a matter of fact I have. Why do you ask?



83-85 soruları, aşağıdaki parçaya göre cevaplayınız.

Paper has been known in one form or another from very early times. The papyrus reeds of the Nile swamps served the ancient Egyptians for sheets upon which to inscribe their records. The Chinese and Japanese, centuries later, were using something more akin to modern paper in substance, an Asiatic paper-mulberry, yielding a smooth fibrous material, being utilised. With the spread of learning in Western Europe the necessity of a readier medium made itself felt, and paper began to be manufactured from pulped rags and other substances. Other papermaking staples were later introduced, such as linen cotton and wood-pulp. The chief raw material in the world paper industry now is wood-pulp, the main exporters being the timber-growing countries of Canada, Sweden and Finland.

83. We can understand from the passage that, throughout history, paper ____ .

  1. has played a vital role in the advancement of learning

  2. has been a major export item for Asian countries, and for China in particular

  3. has been produced from a wide range of materials

  4. has been valued as a means of communication more in the West than in the East

  5. has largely been used for documentation rather than for learning


84. It is obvious from the passage that today the wood-pulp needed for the manufacture of paper ____ .

  1. is largely provided by the countries which produce a great deal of timber

  2. is produced from a variety of substances other than timber

  3. can only be produced economically with the aid of sophisticated technology

  4. is normally made from raw materials locally available

  5. can most readily be prepared from timber with a high fibrous content


85. The main concern of the passage is to ---____ .

  1. explain why there has been so little change in the development of papermaking

  2. describe how the West learned the techniques of papermaking

  3. account for the economic implications of the paper industry

  4. give a historical account of papermaking with emphasis on the main raw materials used

  5. alert the reader to the fact that very large amounts of timber are consumed in papermaking



86-88 soruları, aşağıdaki parçaya göre cevaplayınız.

The great expansion in energy demand over recent years has been met to a large extent by petroleum oil. The total world reserves of petroleum oil are still uncertain since large parts of the world are still not fully prospected. The cutback in oil production and the rise in the price of Middle Eastern oil following the 1973 Arab-Israeli war unleashed a worldwide energy crisis which affected the economies of consumer countries. One result of this crisis has been that Britain has increased its North Sea oil production and become the fifth largest oil producing country in the world.

86. It is pointed out in the passage that, to meet its increasing energy needs, the world ____ .

  1. will have to develop new sources of energy in addition to petroleum oil

  2. has had to face a recurrent energy crisis

  3. has, in recent years, relied heavily on petroleum oil

  4. has had to rely more and more on British oil

  5. is learning to depend upon a larger variety of energy sources



87. One can understand from the passage that further oil explorations ____ .

  1. would inevitably result in a drop in oil prices

  2. are unlikely to produce any positive results

  3. should be carried out both in the Middle East and in the North Sea

  4. may cause new tensions in the Middle East

  5. could lead to the discovery of rich reserves of petroleum as yet untapped


88. According to the passage, one result of the oil crisis caused by the Arab-Israeli war has been that ____ .

  1. the world has learned to reduce its energy consumption

  2. Britain has become one of the leading oil producers

  3. many new oil fields throughout the world have been prospected and brought into production

  4. Britain has emerged as the largest exporter of petroleum oil in the world

  5. consumer countries have had to redefine their economic priorities


89-91 soruları, aşağıdaki parçaya göre cevaplayınız.

In 1903 the United States signed a treaty with Panama, which gave the United States rights in perpetuity ever a 16 km wide strip of land extending across the narrowest part of Panama for the purpose of building and running a canal. The canal built, now known as the Panama Canal, connects the Atlantic and the Pacific Oceans and is just over 80 km long. Its depth varies from 12 to 26 meters. It is constructed above sea-level, with locks and has been available for commercial shipping since 3 August 1914. An agreement was reached in 1978 for the waterway to be turned over Panama by the end of the century.
89. According to the passage, with the 1978 agreement concerning the Panama Canal it was agreed that ____ .

  1. shipping through the Canal would be jointly supervised by Panama and the United States

  2. the right to operate the Canal would rest with the United States for ever

  3. the Canal would revert to Panama at the end of the century

  4. the costs would be shared equally between Panama and the United States

  5. the Canal had to accept commercial shipping from all countries



90. We understand from the passage that the locks in the Panama Canal are essential ____ .

  1. as, for a canal, 80 kilometres is a very long stretch of waterway

  2. since the canal authorities need to be supervise shipping in the canal

  3. lest enemy ships attempt to enter the Canal

  4. even though the United States would have preferred not to build them

  5. because there is a difference between the level of the Canal and that of the sea

91. As it is pointed out in the passage, the Panama Canal ____ .

  1. will continue to be run jointly by Panama and the United States

  2. has continuously caused friction between the United States and Panama

  3. has had an increasing volume of shipping since it was first opened

  4. was constructed to connect the Atlantic and Pacific Oceans at their closest point

  5. has become the world’s busiest waterway for commercial shipping



92-94 soruları, aşağıdaki parçaya göre cevaplayınız.

When there has been a serious disaster such as an earthquake or flooding, various relief efforts are rapidly put into effect. However, experience has shown that it is usually impractical to attempt mass immunisation immediately following a disaster and that, when attempted, it detracts from the overall relief effort without producing a discernible benefit. Effective immunisation requires prior planning good systems of communication and transport and access to the population at risk. These requirements cannot be met in the immediate postdisaster period. Efforts to achieve mass vaccination in the relief phase also drain whatever limited manpower, communication facilities, and transportation exist.


92. It is pointed out in the passage that, as part of the relief work following a disaster, ____ .

  1. the most difficult to organise is the fair distribution of supplies

  2. mass immunisation is not usually to be recommended

  3. communication facilities are among the most urgent measures to be taken

  4. it is important to plan comprehensively the evacuation of the badly wounded

  5. one of the priorities must be the resettlement of the displaced population


93. We can understand from the passage that, in the main, in the aftermath of a disaster, ____ .

  1. it is not often possible to have access to adequate communication facilities

  2. the transport of relief workers to the area should be carefully planned

  3. untold benefits are to be derived from mass immunisation

  4. the distribution of food and medicine is the main activity of the relief phase

  5. conditions are not favourable for the implementation of an efficient immunisation programme

94. We can understand from the passage that, if transport and communication facilities are inadequate, ____ .

  1. then relief efforts will be adversely affected

  2. the population at risk has to be removed to a safer place

  3. the problems facing relief workers will not be so obvious

  4. relief efforts have to be doubled to improve the situation

  5. the amount of man power has to be increased by every means available



95-97 soruları, aşağıdaki parçaya göre cevaplayınız.

Universities are institutions of higher education whose principal objects are the increase of knowledge over a wide field through original thought and research and its extensions by the teaching of students. Such societies existed in the ancient world, notably in Greece and India, but the origin of the University as we know it today lies in medieval Europe, the word “universitas” being a contraction of the Latin term for corporations of teachers and students organised for the promotion of higher learning. The earliest bodies to become recognised under this description were at Bologna and Paris in the first half of the 12th century. Oxford was founded by an early migration of scholars from Paris, and Cambridge began with a further migration from Oxford. Other universities sprang up all over Europe from the 14th century onwards.

95. The main concern of the passage is ____ .

  1. the comparison of different types of university

  2. the development of the European universities from the Middle Ages to the present

  3. to describe the aims and the early history of universities

  4. to explain how and why the medieval university came into being

  5. to emphasise the need for research in universities



96. According to the passage, one of the primary goals of a university is to ____ .

  1. encourage the establishment of higher education institutions

  2. undertake the furthering of knowledge, teaching and research in a wide variety of fields

  3. provide students with professional training

  4. supervise the research undertaken by other institutions in society

  5. make arrangements for the exchange of students and scholars in the world

97. The writer points out that, although the origins of universities can be traced to antiquity, the history of the modern university ____ .

  1. is closely linked to the history of Oxford and Cambridge universities

  2. begins with the use, in the Renaissance, of the word “universitas”

  3. centres around the migration of scholars in Europe

  4. really dates from the Middle Ages

  5. largely depends on the studies carried out at Bologna and Paris



98-100 soruları, aşağıdaki parçaya göre cevaplayınız.

Romanticism is a term for a movement in the arts, that is, in music, painting, sculpture or literature, which seeks to give expression to the artist’s feelings about his subject rather than to be concerned with form and reality. The romantic view is that art is nature seen through a temperament; the realist view, on the other hand, is that art is a slice of life. In painting Delacroix (1789-1863) is the romantic artist par excellence with his uncontrolled expression of the passions and love of the exotic. In literature the Romantic movement reached its finest form in the works of Goethe, Schiller and Heine; in the poetry of Byron, Keats, Wordsworth, Shelly and Blake; and in the writings of Victor Hugo. Since Romanticism is partly a matter of temperament in the artist just as Classicism is, it may be found at all times and places, although whether or not it becomes predominant depends on contemporary taste.

98. The writer explains that the most distinctive characteristic of Romanticism is ____ .

  1. an accurate description of the natural world

  2. its dedicated concern with the issues of actual life

  3. the expression of individual’s emotions

  4. the importance it attaches to form rather than to content

  5. its avoidance of the pictorial and the exotic


99. It is suggested in the passage that as an approach to life, the Romantic view ____ .

  1. is constantly recurrent in the human temperament

  2. has often been subordinate to Classicism

  3. is out of favour in the contemporary world

  4. is best expressed in music, not in other forms of art

  5. came into being as a reaction against Realism

100. The passage quite simply describes ____ .

  1. the influence of Romanticism in art upon Romanticism in literature

  2. the romantic quality of Delacroix’s painting and its counterpart in literature

  3. the similarities and differences between Romanticism and other literary movements

  4. the revival of Romanticism as an artistic temperament in the contemporary world

  5. what Romanticism is and who its major exponents have been




PAGE:
ÖRNEK KPDS SINAVI (98.1)
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