Project design document form for cdm project activities

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Project design document form for
CDM project activities

(Version 07.0)

Complete this form in accordance with the Attachment “Instructions for filling out the project design document form for CDM project activities” at the end of this form.


Title of the project activity

Kartaldağı Wind Power Plant, Turkey

Version number of the PDD


Completion date of the PDD


Project participant(s)

Efil Enerji Üretim Ticaret ve Sanayi A.Ş.

Host Party


Applied methodology(ies) and, where applicable, applied standardized baseline(s)

ACM0002 Version 17

Sectoral scope(s) linked to the applied methodology(ies)

1(Energy industries (renewable - / non-renewable sources)

Estimated amount of annual average GHG emission reductions

90,821 tCO2e

    1. Description of project activity

      1. Purpose and general description of project activity

Efil Enerji Üretim Ticaret ve Sanayi A.Ş. (hereafter referred to as “Efil Enerji”) has invested into a new Wind Power project called Kartaldağı Wind Power Project (hereafter referred to as the “Project” or “Kartaldağı WPP”), which involves installation and operation of 65.55 MWm/63 MWe wind power plant. The project consists of 19 turbines with 3.45 MWm and 3.316 MWe capacities. The licence of the project was issued by Energy Market Regulatory Authority (EMRA) in March 4 of 2011. The generated energy will be fed to the grid at Gaziantep 2- Fevzipaşa transmission line.1
An estimated electricity net generation of 164,700 MWh2 per year by the efficient utilization of the available wind energy by project activity will replace the grid electricity, which is constituted of different fuel sources, mainly fossil fuels. The electricity produced by project activity will result in a total emission reduction of 90,821 tonnes of CO2e/year. Moreover, project activity will contribute further dissemination of wind energy and extension of national power generation. The generation of electricity started on 03/03/20173 and will have an operational lifetime of 49 years.4
The project will help Turkey to stimulate and commercialise the use of grid connected renewable energy technologies and markets. Furthermore, the project will demonstrate the viability of grid connected wind farms which can support improved energy security, improved air quality, alternative sustainable energy futures, improved local livelihoods and sustainable renewable energy industry development. The specific goals of the project are to:

  • reduce greenhouse gas emissions in Turkey compared to the business-as-usual scenario;

  • help to stimulate the growth of the wind power industry in Turkey;

  • create local employment during the construction and the operation phase of the wind farm;

  • reduce other pollutants resulting from power generation industry in Turkey, compared to a business-as-usual scenario;

  • help to reduce Turkeys increasing energy deficit;

  • and differentiate the electricity generation mix and reduce import dependency.

As the project developer, Efil Enerji believes that efficient utilization of all kinds of natural resources with a harmony coupled with responsible environmental considerations is vital for sustainable development of Turkey and the World. This has been a guiding factor for the shareholders towards the concept of designation and installation of a wind power project. Other than the objective of climate change mitigation through significant reduction in greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions, the project has been carried out to provide social and economic contribution to the region in a sustainable way. The benefits that will be gained by the realization of the project compared to the business-as-usual scenario can be summarized under four main indicators:

The project activities will replace the grid electricity, which is constituted of different fuel sources causing greenhouse gas emissions. By replacing in the consumption of these fuels, it contributes to conservation of water, soil, flora and faunas and transfers these natural resources and also the additional supply of these primary energy sources to the future generations. In the absence of the project activity, an equivalent amount of electricity would have been generated from the power plants connected to the grid, majority of which are based on fossil fuels. Thus, the project is replacing the greenhouse gas emissions (CO2, CH4) and other pollutants (SOX, NOX, particulate matters) occurring from extraction, processing, transportation and burning of fossil-fuels for power generation connected to the national grid.


Firstly, the project will help to accelerate the growth of the wind power industry and stimulate the designation and production of renewable energy technologies in Turkey. Then, other entrepreneurs irrespective of sector will be encouraged to invest in wind power generations. It will also assist to reduce Turkey’s increasing energy deficit and diversify the electricity generation mix while reducing import dependency, especially natural gas. Importantly, rural development will be maintained in the areas around the project site by providing infrastructural investments to these remote villages.

Local employment will be enhanced by all project activities during construction and operation of wind farm. As a result, local poverty and unemployment will be partially eliminated by increased job opportunities and project business activities. Construction materials for the foundations, cables and other auxiliary equipment will preferentially be sourced locally. Moreover as contribution of the project to welfare of the region, the quality of the electricity consumed in the region will be increased by local electricity production, which also contributes decreasing of distribution losses.

Implementation of the proposed project will contribute to wider deployment of wind power technology in local and national level. It will demonstrate the viability of larger grid connected wind farms, which will support improved energy security, alternative sustainable energy, and also renewable energy industry development. This will also strengthen pillars of Turkish electricity supply based on ecologically sound technology.

      1. Location of project activity

        1. Host Party

The host country is Republic of Turkey.

        1. Region/State/Province etc.

Project area is in Gaziantep province.

        1. City/Town/Community etc.

The project is close to Nurdağı and Islahiye town.

        1. Physical/Geographical location

Location of the project is given below in Map 1.
The project is located close to Nurdağ and İslahiye towns. And the closest village is Kartalköy village with 510 m. And the other closest village is İkizkuyu village with 520 m.

Map 1: Location of Kartaldağı Wind Power Plant Project5
Table 1: Geographical coordinates of the wind turbines of the project activity6

Turbine No

UTM Coordinates
(6 degrees)




























































      1. Technologies and/or measures

According to the Generation License, 19 wind turbines with unit capacity of 3,45 MWm/3,316 MWe were selected for the project. VESTAS is decided as equipment provider due to the outstanding features of its product regarding safety factors, simple durable design for low maintenance and long life operation, high efficiency, and also for fine visual appearance.

The key parameters about the technical design of the selected model VESTAS – V126 turbines are listed below in Table 2. Electricity transfer from turbine to transmission line can be seen in Picture 1.

Table 2: Technical specifications of VESTAS- V126 turbines



Rated Power (kW)


Rotor Diameter (m)


Hub Height (m)


Num. of Blades


Cut-in Wind Speed (m/s)


Cut-out Wind Speed (m/s)


Picture 1: Electricity transmission from turbine to transmission line
Technical life time of Efil Enerji is determined by using the ‘Tool to determine the remaining lifetime of equipment ’’ (v. 1)7. In the tool it is stated that;
Project participants may use one of the following options to determine the remaining lifetime of the equipment:
(a) Use manufacturer’s information on the technical lifetime of equipment and compare to the date of first commissioning;

(b) Obtain an expert evaluation;

(c) Use default values.
For the project option (c) is used. So in the tool it is said that default lifetime for the on-shore wind turbines is 25 years. In addition to this, operational lifetime of the project is 49 years8.

With figures taken from the Generation License, Plant Load Factor (PLF) is calculated as follows;
PLF= Annual Gen. / Installed Cap. (MWe)9 * (working hours)


= 0.298

The project activity will achieve emission reductions by avoiding CO2 emissions from the business-as-usual scenario electricity generation produced by mainly fossil fuel-fired power plants within the Turkish national grid () Total emission reduction over the 7 year crediting period is expected to reach 635,747 tCO2e with the assumed total net electricity generation of 164,700 MWh per year (for details see B.2.)

Figure 1: Share of Sources in Installed Capacity 201510

Figure 2: Share of Sources in Electricity Generation 201511
Although Turkey has a very good wind resource, substantial space, a reasonably good electrical infrastructure and an approaching shortage of electricity; it uses negligible capacity (less than 5%) of its onshore potential, which is estimated as 53,000 MW by Ministry of Energy and Natural Resources (MENR).12 Lack of attractive incentives and tax advantages, limited grid access and restricted turbine supply constitutes the major barriers in front of the wind energy.
Renewable energy law, enacted in 2005, which had amendments in end of 2010 regarding feed-in tariffs, stipulates a purchase obligation by the retail companies for 10 years with a purchase price 7.3 USDc/kWh (~5.5 €c/kWh) for the power plants put in operation by end of 201513. This tariff is much below the average remuneration in the leading wind markets and does not constitute a sufficient incentive for investments in little experienced wind energy sector of Turkey. The revenues calculated according to these regulations are considered in the investment planning of the projects and does not lead to returns that let the project be profitable or attractive for capital investors and lenders.
These numbers and figures show the contribution of a wind power project like Kartaldağı WPP to the development of environmental friendly electricity generation instead of above described Turkish mix of hydroelectric and fossil fuelled power plants, which are better known and financially more attractive from an investor’s point of view.

The emission reductions would not occur in the absence of the proposed project activity because of various real and perceived risks that impede the provision of financing.
Kartaldağı WPP, as a large wind power plant project, will serve as a perfect project to demonstrate long-term potential of wind energy as a means to efficiently reducing GHG emissions as well as to diversifying and increasing security of the local energy supply and contributing to a sustainable development. Wind driven turbines will rotate in generators and electricity generated here will be transferred to the grid for consumer without any greenhouse gas emissions. The Gold Standard certification shall help to realize this seminal technology by providing an adequate compensation for the lacking financial incentives in the Turkish renewable energy market.
Generation of emission reduction and by the way crediting period will start with the first day of documented electricity supply to the national grid. The first 7-year crediting period is from 3rd of March 2017 to 2nd of March 2024 after the completion of commissioning. Applying the approved methodology to the project (detailed in the Section B) annual average amount of 90,821 tCO2e emission reductions is estimated to be achieved by producing 164,700 MWh/year electricity. In each year the amount of VERs actually generated by the project will vary depending on the metered net electricity supplied to the grid, but totally 635,747 tCO2e emission reductions is expected over the period of 7 years and distribution of minimum quantity versus years is listed in Table 3.
Table 3: Estimated annual emission reductions of the project over the crediting period.


Annual estimation of emission reductions in tonnes of CO2 e

  1. 2017*
















Total estimated reductions

(tonnes of CO2e)


Total number of crediting years


Annual average over the crediting period of estimated reductions (tonnes of CO2e)




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